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Hempzels® the Brand Hempzels® the Brand

Hempzels® is a registered trademark and ©Lancaster Trading House, Inc.. Hemp pretzels, mustard and hemp seed produced in Pennsylvania with imported hemp seed - working to "free the seed".

Hemp History Snipets 8000-1825

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DATE HEMP TIME LINE 8000BC -1825
8000BC

The earliest known woven fabric was made from wild hemp was carbon dated to this era. (Information  obtained from Jack Herer's book The Emperor Wears No Clothes. 1995, pg. 2. Where he quotes The Columbia History of the World, 1981, pg. 54) - Editor Note: R.I.P. Jack Herer - 4/15/2010 - I met Jack  in Washington DC, at an event - he loved Hempzels...a great patriot, greatly missed.

1000 B.C. 1883 A.D.

Cannabis hemp was the world largest grown cash crop. It was used to make fabric, lighting oil, paper, incense, medicines, and food.

400 BC

Pipes wrapped in hemp cloth containing cannabis residue were discovered in the Great Lakes and Mississippi Valley buried with Hopewell Mound Builders.

1619

In James town Colony, Virginia farmers were ordered by law to grow Indian Hemp.

1631  1800's

In most colonies of America cannabis hemp was legal tender (money) through out this time period. You could even pay your taxes with hemp for over 200 years.

1631

In Massachusetts farmers were ordered by law to grow Indian Hemp.

1632

In Connecticut farmers were ordered by law to grow Indian Hemp.

1681

William Penn founds Pennsylvania – encourages German farmer’s to come to America to grow hemp or in  German “Hanf”.

1683

Pennsylvania General Assembly passes “An Act for the Encouragement of Raising Hemp in Pa”

1685

William Penn issues the first agricultural report, observes hemp thriving in the colony.

1685

Thomas Budd urges every Pennsylvania farmer to grow 1 acre of flax & 2 acres of hemp

1720

John Gardner erects the first known hemp mill in Lancaster County at the mouth of the Chickies Creek.

1729

Lancaster County is formed and the original Hempfield Township is named for the vast quantities of hemp raised there.

1747

Ben Franklin observes that “most of our hemp comes from Conestoga” – Lancaster County, PA

1752

Source: The Bethlehem Oil Mill 1745-1934 German Technology in Early Pennsylvania Excerpt: “Although spinnable hemp could be produced by hand labor alone, softening the fibers by pounding them with a hammer was extremely arduous work. At Bethlehem this softening step was mechanized using water-powered equipment of traditional Germanic design. ThirtyfiveHemp stamping mills were built in the 1752 and the 1765 oil mill buildings, and in 1767-1768 a hemp roller mill was added. Many mechanical details of the two machines at the 1765 oil mill have survived so that we can clearly understand how they operated.”

1763-67

In Virginia you could be jailed, if you were a farmer, for not growing hemp during times of shortage.

1765

Lancaster County Farmer Writes Essay On Raising Hemp for Ben Franklin’s “Poor Richard’s Almanac”

1769

Lancaster County Encourages Everyone To do their Patriotic duty by raising hemp for self-sufficiency.

1775

Hemp first grown in Kentucky on April 25 ,in Boyle County.

1776

Declaration of Independence drafted on hemp paper.

1770

“Spinning Jenny” is invented and cotton prices fall dramatically,

1789

Lancaster & York Counties Send representatives to the First Federal Congress to urge a tariff on imported hemp to protect the home hemp industry at the time.

1794

George Washington visits David Witmer’s hemp mill in Paradise, Lancaster County Pennsylvania. His Quote "Make the most you can of the Indian Hemp seed and sow it everywhere." -President George Washington, 1794

1801

Canada, on behalf of the King of England, distributed seed free to farmers.

 

1824

 

“In 1824, domestic hemp was pitted against Russian hemp by rigging the USS Constitution on one side with American and the other with Russian grown hemp, 'and after being thus worn for nearly a year, it was found, on examination, that the Russian rope, in every instance, after being much worn, looked better and wore more equally and evenly than the American.' But the commander said, 'the difference between them was not so great as to warrant a declaration that the proof was conclusive in favor of the Russian.'" Dodge, C. A. 1896. A report on the culture of hemp and jute in the United States. USDA Office of Fiber Investigations.Report No. 8 p.15.

Hemp History 1865 - 1910

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1861
{footnote] – Lexington KY – Battle of the Hempfields – Civil War Excerpt: There are many claimants for the credit of having first suggested the hemp-bale strategy. General Harris's official report says: "I directed the bales to be wet in the river to protect them against the casualties of fire of our troops and of the enemy, but it was soon found that the wetting so materially increased the weight as to prevent our men, in their exhausted condition, from rolling it to the crest of the hill. I then adopted the idea of wetting the hemp after it had been transported to its position…
October 8 1862
MORMON HEMP HISTORY  Journal of Discourses Volume 10,pg 121 George Albert Smith I hope that all that has been said by the brethren in reference to the culture of hemp, flax, indigo, and in fact all that will tend to build up Zion will be attended to, for let it be remembered that it is coming to this necessity of producing for ourselves or go without, and the question resolves itself in to the simple proposition, "Clothes or no clothes." We must make our own woolen, flax, hemp and cotton good or we must go naked. We cannot get these articles much longer from the States, according to the present prospect. The vengeance of the Almighty is sweeping the land with the besom of destruction; millions of men are forsaking their industrial pursuits for the purpose of destroying each other. Let us each and all attend to this, that the beauty of our garments may be the beauty of the workmanship of our own hands, or we shall find ourselves without many of the necessaries of life altogether
1870
Lancaster County Pennsylvania  Reports 230 tons of hemp still grown in Lancaster County Pennsylvania
1842
1896
Several [varieties of hemp] are grown in this country, that cultivated in Kentucky and having a hollow stem, being the most common. China hemp, with slender stems, growing very erect, has a wide range of culture. Smyrna hemp is adapted to cultivation over a still wider range and Japanese hemp is beginning to be cultivated, particularly in California, where it reaches a height of 15 feet. Russian and Italian seed have been experimented with, but the former produces a short stalk, while the latter only grows to a  medium height. A small quantity of Piedmontese hemp seed from Italy was distributed by the Department in 1893, having been received through the Chicago Exposition...." Dodge, C. A. 1896. A report on the culture of hemp and jute in the United States. USDA Office of Fiber Investigations   Report No. 8. p.7.
1890
There is a reasonable prospect of establishing an extensive hemp industry in the United States on new lines, involving the use of either a taller variety or two crops of the short variety, growing the crop on large areas of cheap land, plowing deep, putting on the necessary fertilizers, reaping and breaking by machinery, and using the process of water retting :REPORT OF THE SECRETARY - HEMP James Wilson, Secretary  Dept of Agriculture End of page  64
1891
A variety of cannabis and hashish extracts were the first second, and third most prescribed medicines in the United States

A variety of cannabis and hashish extracts were the first, second, and third most prescribed medicines in the United States.

1891
W. H. Holmes an ethnologist for the Smithsonian Institute recovers a large piece of hemp fabric buriedwith a man at an archeological dig in Morgan County, TENNESSE.
1892
Rudolph Diesel invented diesel engine intended to  specifically run on vegetable & seed oils.
1894
The Report of the Indian Hemp Drug Commission,  running to over three thousand pages in seven volumes, is published. This inquiry, commissioned by the British government, concluded: "There is no evidence of any weight regarding the mental and moral injuries from the moderate use of these drugs. .. . . Moderation does not lead to excess in hemp any more than it does in alcohol. Regular, moderate use of ganja or bhang produces the same effects as moderate and regular doses of whiskey." The commission's proposal to tax bhang is never put into effect, in part, perhaps, because one of the commissioners, an Indian, cautions that Moslem law and Hindu custom forbid"taxing anything that gives pleasure to the poor."
1896
USDA – 1895-1896 Yearbook US Dept of Ag - Author: Gilbert H. Hicks; Asst, Div. of Botany, USDA End of Pgs 198 -,Hemp notwithstanding its oily content, loses its germinative power quickly, usually by the end of one year; hence only fresh seed should be sown. Neither cracked nor dull-looking seed will germinate well. Hemp culture in America is mostly confined to Kentucky and Missouri, principally the former State. The value of hemp for fiber, birdseed, and oil would seem to make its cultivation a very profitable one.
1901
USDA – 1901 Page taken from US Department of Agriculture Yearbook showing the varieties of hemp.
1902
"In Nebraska, where the [hemp] industry is being established, a new and important step has been taken in cutting the crop with an ordinary mowing machine. A simple attachment which bends the stalks over in the direction in which the machine is going facilitates the cutting... The cost of cutting hemp in this manner is 50 cents per acre, as compared with $3 to $4 per acre, the rates paid for cutting by hand in Kentucky." USDA. 1902. Yearbook of Agrt. p. 23.
1905
"The most important fact to be recorded in connection with the hemp industry during the past year is the successful operation of a machine brake in the fields of Kentucky. This machine breaks the retted stalks and cleans the fiber, producing clean, straight fiber equal to the best grades prepared on hand brakes, and it has a capacity of 1000 pounds or more of clean fiber per hour. So far as we have any record, this is the first machine having sufficient capacity to be commercially practical that has cleaned bast fiber in an entirely satisfactory manner." USDA1905 Report  Office  Fiber Investigations.Bureau PlantIndustry.p 145
1910
FIBER INVESTIGATIONS - HEMP & FLAX 1909 Yearbook of the US Dept of Agriculture Many plant fibers and many questions pertaining to fiber production have been investigated during the past year, but attention has been directed especially to hemp and flax, which, aside from cotton, are regarded as the most promising fiber-producing plants for this country.

 

 

Hemp History 1970 - 2000

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1970

Controlled Substance Act (CSA) lumps industrial hemp as marijuana, despite the fact that a specific exemption for hemp was included in the CSA under the definition of marijuana.“Marijuana Transfer Tax”(1938) declared unconstitutional by the US Supreme Court -


1972

the National Commission on Marihuana and Drug Abuse: “Marihuana: A Signal of Misunderstanding” Commissioned by President Richard M. Nixon, March, 1972   “Shafer Report” Former Republican Governor of Pennsylvania Raymond P. Shafer – End of report ,“ We have carefully analyzed the interrelationship between marihuana the drug, marihuana use as a behavior, and marihuana as a social problem. Recognizing the extensive degree of misinformation about marihuana as a drug, we have tried to demythologize it. Viewing the use of marihuana in its wider social context, we have tried to desymbolize it. Considering the range of social concerns in contemporary America, marihuana does not, in our considered judgment, rank very high. We would de-emphasize marihuana as a problem.”

1974

Dr. Heath conducts his infamous government-funded Rhesus monkey study at Tulane University, touted for years as "evidence" that marijuana causes brain damage. Dr. Heath would put an airtight gas mask on the monkey, strap it into a chair and force-toke the equivalent of 63 Colombian-strength joints over the course of five minutes.  The monkeys suffered brain damage, from suffocation and Carbon monoxide poisoning.

1976

The Ford Administration bans independent research and research by federal health programs on the use of natural cannabis derivatives for medicine. Private pharmaceutical corporations are allowed to do limited "no high" research using only THC Delta-9, ignoring other potentially beneficial active natural ingredients. Gov’t starts growing medicinal cannabis in Oxford Mississippi for Robert Randall.

1989

Presidential Executive Order: Chapter 15A Commerce and Foreign Trade ..” as the Secretary of Agriculture shall determine. For the purposes of this order, the term "agricultural commodities" shall also include all starches, sugars, fats and oils of animal, vegetable, or marine origin (including oil seeds and other oil bearing materials, fatty acids, soap and soap powder), cotton, tobacco, wool, hemp, flax fiber, and alcohol, and also such other commodities and products as the President may designate.

1991

Heating and compressing plant fibers can create practical, inexpensive, fire-resistant construction materials with excellent thermal and sound-insulating qualities. These strong plant fiber construction materials could replace dry wall and wood paneling. William B. Conde of Conde's Redwood Lumber, Inc. near Eugene, Oregon, in conjunction with Washington State University (1991-1993), has demonstrated the superior strength, flexibility, and economy of hemp composite building materials compared to wood fiber, even as beams.

june 3

1994

President Clinton’s Executive Order 12919, NATIONAL DEFENSE INDUSTRIAL RESOURCES PREPAREDNESS. "Food resources" means all commodities and products, simple, mixed, or compound, or complements to such commodities or products, that are capable of being ingested by either human beings or animals, irrespective of other uses to which such commodities or products may be put, at all stages of processing from the raw commodity to the products thereof in vendible form for human or animal consumption. "Food resources" also means all starches, sugars, vegetable and animal or marine fats and oils, cotton, tobacco, wool, mohair, hemp, flax fiber, and naval stores, but does not mean any such material after it loses its identity as an agricultural commodity or agricultural product.

1996

Vermont legislator Fred Maslack is fuming that the nation's marijuana eradication program is little more than a pretext to destroy the nation's feral hemp genetic pool, left over from the World War II Hemp for Victory program  “It is no wonder the DEA is fighting hemp tooth and nail, because that is what their whole campaign is against; in the form of ditchweed. As far as the War on Drugs is concerned they would be better off pulling up goldenrod. This aspect shows what the DEA's real interest is. For as long as I've been following this data, ditch weed has been the issue, and it is a great fraud being perpetrated on the American people, because there is no drug potential in this stuff, DEA testimony notwithstanding. “They're misrepresenting what they're doing," he said. "It amounts to consumer fraud; it may all be labeled marijuana, but it certainly won't get you high. Personally I feel that my intelligence is being grievously insulted."

08/18/98 Costly -  Peqea Silver Mine Hemp Project 98: Good Article -

New Views To Hemp A Nod To It's History

1999

14 States Introduced Legislation In Favor Of Growing Hemp

04/07/99 Lancaster County Farmers Show Interest In Growing Hemp - Hemp Project - Lancaster News Farmers Show Interest In Hemp (Lancaster,PA)
04/11/99 Lancaster County Hemp Dreams - Mt Joy, PA Lancaster News Article
05/99 Sesame Sourdough Hempzel's awarded 2nd place for Best Pretzel in a blind taste test of 30 pretzel submissions - beat out by a chocolate covered pretzel rod from Ohio  - Food Distribution Magazine - Boca Raton Florida
1999

December 13, From The Business Wire.DEA PERMITS HAWAII TO PLANT INDUSTRIAL HEMP After three years, the dedication and tenacity of Hawaii State Representative Cynthia Thielen paid off last May when the legislation to conduct the research needed to initiate the recovery of the industrial hemp crop in the United States passed in Hawaii. Governor Cayetano signed the industrial hemp bill into law ….

july 2000

Assets of No Problem, Inc. owner of Hempzel Pretzels are purchased by SP House. First Soft Hemp Pretzels Are Started

2000

Lakota Indian Reservation: Alex Whiteplume,  plant hemp on their reservation with all local authorization – DEA comes in & cuts it all down. 2000-2002

2000

PA Farm Bureau Members Vote In Favor To “Grow, Process, Sell, Manufacturer Industrial Hemp” By Voice Vote

Hemp History 1937 - 1968

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1937

Congress Passes “Marijuana Tax Act”- Objections by the AMA & National Oil Seed Institute or rejected, AMA realized that “Marijuana” was in fact Cannabis or Hemp two days before the tax act goes into effect.

1937

Henry Anslinger had testified to Congress that "Marijuana is the most violence causing drug in the history of mankind."

1937

Mechanical Engineering 1937 – “HEMP & FLAX THE MOST PROFITABLE CROPS – FROM THE SEED TO THE LOOM”

1938

Popular Mechanics February 1938 – “NEW BILLION DOLLAR CROP” International Harvester Equipment To Revolutinize & Lower Cost of Commercial US Hemp Farming.

1938

Enos Scheaffer,81 ,arrested in Lancaster, Pennsylvania for growing hemp, quoted that he was growing seed for his chickens.

1938-42

The Japanese invade the Philippine's and cut off our Manila (Abaca) hemp supply. USDA Produces Film – HEMP FOR VICTORY!

1942

The U. S. government distributes 400,000 lb.. (pounds) of cannabis hemp seed to American farmers from Wisconsin to Kentucky

1942

American farmers produced 42,000 tons of hemp fiber per year. Plant 36,000 acres of seed hemp, an increase of several thousand percent from previous years.

1943

Colonel J.M. Phalen, editor of the *Military Surgeon*, declares in an editorial entitled "The Marijuana Bugaboo": "The smoking of the leaves, flowers, and seeds of Cannabis sativa is no more harmful than the smoking of tobacco. . . . It is hoped that no witch hunt will be instituted in the military service over a problem that does not exist." [Quoted in ibid. p. 234]

1944

New York Mayor LaGuardia's Marijuana Commission concludes that there is no link between cannabis and violence, instead citing beneficial effects of marijuana. Harry Anslinger goes berserk, denouncing Mayor LaGuardia and threatening doctors with prison terms should they dare to carry out independent research on cannabis

1947

The Yearbook of Agriculture; 1943-1947, USDA Author: H.A. Borthwick, USDA Senior Botanist in the Bureau of Plant Industry, Soils, and Agricultural Engineering  Pages: 282-283 DAY LENGTH AND FLOWERING – HEMP “New practices that can be used in breeding hemp have resulted from recent photoperiodic studies”……*excerpt – “a locality can be found in which the conditions are favorable to the  formation of these intersex male flowers on female plants in sufficient quantity that a good crop of seed could be obtained.“

1948

Harry Anslinger testifies before a red-baiting Congress that marijuana causes users to become peaceful, pacifistic "zombies." Anslinger warned that the Communists might use marijuana to weaken the fighting spirit of American troops during wartime. This was a complete reversal of earlier testimony; in 1937

1956

 

Fibres (Engineering and Chemistry) Author: Carl V. Feaster, Agronomist, Field Crops Research Branch, Ag Research Service, USDA “MONOECIOUS HEMP BREEDING IN THE UNITED STATES”The hemp breeding programme in the United States is being directed toward improvement of fibre quality through the development of strains with uniform maturity among plants. Present commercial varieties are dioecious, with the male plants returning about three weeks before the female plants. This results in fibre of different maturity and consequently less uniformity

1961

UN treaty allows for the cultivation of industrial hemp.

1964

Dr. Raphael Mechoulam of the University of Tel Aviv isolates THC Delta-9, the primary active ingredient in cannabis -- and one of at least 60 compounds found in cannabis that have therapeutic value

1968

 

Sourdough Hempzel Pretzels

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Fresh baked pretzels with a "new twist" created in the heart of Pennsylvania Dutch Country around 1997 - hempseed + pretzels = "Hempzels®" - Sourdough wheat, hand rolled and stone hearth baked, kiln dried made in small batches on 1 of 10 remaining facilities in the United States that do it the old fashioned way. You can taste the difference. Not a typical white enriched flour pretzel. These Sourdough Hempzels are one of a kind - they have a short shelf life so get them at their freshest. Available in limited quantities presently Sourdough Hempzel® Original or Garlic  Packaged in 8oz bags in limited natural food stores and grocery stores

Original & Sourdough Crunchy Hemp Pretzels "Hempzels"

Price varies depending on bake date.

1998 Sesame Hempzels received 2nd place out of 30 pretzel submissions in a blind taste test by Food Distribution Magazine; the winner? A Chocolate covered pretzel stick from Ohio...

One of 10 Ovens in the United States making hand rolled Sourdough Pretzels..

Nutritional Information For Pumpernickel & Onion Sourdough on left, Original on right. NOTE: Sodium levels may vary since the salt is hand applied & sticks from the oven beds...

Subcategories

  • Hempzels® HiSTORY - Twisted

    The company was originally called No Problem Inc, started in the mid-nineties by Ralph Amato along with participating friends Mark Tucci & Don "Uncle" Riese. Ralph was bringing in hemp textiles and having the sewn custom made into wedding dresses or whatever a customer might want. They started having a Jamaican artist do Batik artwork on hemp canvas but the creation came about over the use of hemp seed meal and incorporating it into a pretzel...

    Ralph and friends were aware of hemps nutritional value.....hemp seed meal mixed into a traditional sourdough pretzel mix made by a small bakery in the snack food capital of the world & viola Hempzels...

     

    Hempzel's is a registered trademark of Lancaster Trading House, Inc. 2011

  • News

    News

  • Customer Comments & Ideas

    You might believe and it's true that your comments - especially the positive ones have kept this founder focused on developing great relationships with production facilities to make value added hemp foods such as Hempzels and Natalie's Omega Foods but ultimately to secure our imported raw materials also with our local farmers.

    These technological changes over the past 3 months have helped & hurt the business - the new website should create more synergy with our customers, the consumer, store and distributor.

  • Administration
  • Hempzel Partners

    Bakeries - Distribution 

  • Hempzels In the News Media

    I was featured in the Lancaster County New Era in 1997 - 20 years ago at the ECO-AG Conference in the Lancaster Host Resort - a little bit of history - more to be added near the end - 

  • Company Mission

    Goals - mission - hopes - dreams - news -

  • Frequently Asked Questions

    Questions - FAQ posted here to help guide you through our site. 

    • FAQ-Company

      This is a temporary page to help answer questions that you might have.

  • Petitioning our elected Representatives

    My journey started pre 1992 as one of my libertarian friends would remind me. Thanks to people like Jack Heror who wrote the ground breaking book "The Emperor Wears No Clothes" - he inspired me to dig deeper into the complexity of Cannabis Hemp. Local Hemp Historian & collegue Les Stark did further regional and local history and his work helped others who I would talk to like Senator Folmer, Congressman Sam Rohrer, Senator Daylon Leach and others who stopped by my booth at the Pennsylvania Farm Show since 2005 - Thousands of knowledge seeds have been sown and many have taken root - your work individually is helping to right a wrong in Cannabis classification and scorn. In a complicated world we can do things simply again with less environmental impact as we've done through single sourcing of energy vs empowering the farmers for renewables. 

  • Products

    Working with Pennsylvania Bakeries & Packaging facilities since 1997 - Sourdough Hand Rolled Hempzels Baked On Demand. Frozen Soft Pretzel Swirls packaged 8 in a bag - adding value to traditional Pennsylvania products with the nutritious benefit and flavor of hemp seed, hemp flour, hemp oil. Our "Mustard That Bites Back™" a great compliment to our products and other recipes. Horseradish Hemp & Honey Mustard 11.75oz Jars sold in all Wegman's Grocery Stores - look out for our new point of purchase displays for hemp seed & mustard. UPC A - 653939-

  • Product Line Evolution

    Hempzels® Brand Products - registered trademark of Lancaster Trading House, Inc. - Columbia, Pennsylvania  product image test!

Hempstone Heritage